February 6th is recognized as the International Day of Zero Tolerance for Female Genital Mutilation. As per the report made by UN Women, the aim of International Day of Zero Tolerance for FGM in 2016 is “Achieving the new Global Goals through the elimination of Female Genital Mutilation by 2030“. More than 140 million girls and women alive today have undergone a form of Female Genital Mutilation.
But what does Female Genital Mutilation actually mean and what is its impact?
FGM is genital cutting or excision and consists of partial or total removal of the external female genital organs of girls between infancy and age 15 for non-medical justification. The practice is mostly done without the consent and often against her will. Hence FGM is recognized as one of the human right violation of girls and young women.
Currently, FGM happens in the Middle East and Africa, including Ethiopia. Some studies show in Ethiopia about 50% (more) of the population is practicing this harmful act. FGM is a worldwide problem in which you can also find it Asia and Latin America including the immigrant populations livening in West Europe, North America, Australia and New Zealand.
The consequence of such inhuman treatment is unblemished bleeding, difficulties urinating, and later cysts, infections, infertility as well as complications in childbirth and increased risk of new-born deaths. Moreover it leads to psychological problems: distressing, mental health disorder and dissatisfaction’s on there sexual life.
Most international and national organizations in collaboration with Ethiopian government has been performing tremendous revolution in order to avoid such harmful practice. Everyone, including you reader, should take the responsibility of rising awareness for key part of a society: parents, community and religious leaders.